2000px-Venous_system_en.svgOur Atlanta veins specialists realize that many people don’t think much about their veins until they develop varicose veins or other symptoms of vein disease. They know basically what veins do –- circulate blood throughout the body. However, the venous system is a complicated one. There are actually four primary types of veins.

Deep Veins

Deep veins are located within the muscle tissue and have a corresponding artery nearby. Vein disease in the deep veins needs to be taken particularly seriously because if a clot were to form, it could go to the lungs. A clot in a deep vein is called deep vein thrombosis, or DVT, and requires medical treatment.

Superficial Veins

These are closer to the skin’s surface. They don’t have corresponding arteries. Often, when people have varicose veins, it’s the superficial veins that are impacted. Blood pools in these veins because it’s not circulating properly due to vein damage or disease. That’s why varicose veins are discolored and sometimes bulging.

Pulmonary and Systemic Veins

Pulmonary veins carry blood that’s been filled with oxygen by the lungs over to the heart (specifically the left atrium). Each lung has two pulmonary veins.

Systemic veins take deoxygenated blood to the heart’s right atrium. Systemic veins are located throughout the body, from the legs up to the neck, including the arms and trunk. The large, critical vena cava veins are systemic veins.

A Note About Spider Veins

Spider veins (telangiectasia), like varicose veins, may be caused by damage to the veins. They often accompany varicose veins. However, they involve blood vessels close to the skin that have broken. The blood that pools as a result often makes a web-like formation. They are smaller and more multi-colored than varicose veins.

Spider veins often appear on the face or head, unlike varicose veins, particularly if sun damage has caused blood vessels to break. If you have only spider veins, and not varicose veins, it’s a cosmetic issue more than a medical one. However, they can quickly and easily be removed using a spider vein treatment called sclerotherapy. People with spider veins should have a duplex Doppler ultrasound performed in our office before treatment.

Contact Us Today

If you’re experiencing the symptoms of vein disease, including swelling, discomfort or pain, fatigue and varicose veins, call us or contact us online to schedule an evaluation. Together, we can determine the best varicose vein treatment for you.