Venous diseases are common among Americans, and they are often relatively easy to treat, however, they can have some effects on your circulatory system. These effects range from mild to severe, and individuals with venous disease should seek treatment at our vein clinic of Atlanta to help reduce them.

How Circulation Works

In everyone’s body, there are three sets of vessels that make up the circulatory system: arteries, lymphatic vessels and veins. Arteries take oxygen-rich blood from the heart to the tissues. Lymphatic vessels bring fluids and proteins from tissue back into the blood stream. Veins bring oxygen-depleted blood back to the heart and lungs from the tissues.

How Veins Work

Veins are able to push blood back to the heart and lungs through a series of pumping valves that are located within the veins. When a vein is suffering from venous disease, these pumping valves are not able to do their job properly, and blood ends up pooling within the vein.

Our vein specialists explain that there are two main venous diseases and conditions that can affect your circulatory system: thrombosis and venous insufficiency.

Thrombosis

Thrombosis is a condition where a blood clot forms within the veins, typically within the legs. There are two different kinds of thrombosis: superficial thrombophlebitis and deep vein thrombosis (DVT). Superficial thrombophlebitis affects the veins that are close to the skin. These superficial clots are more annoying than dangerous, and they typically have little effect on the circulation as a whole. DVTs, however, are much more dangerous. These clots form deep within the leg where they can enter the circulatory system and make their way to the lungs. Once there, they can cause an embolism, or blockage, that will cut off circulation and can quickly cause tissue death.

Venous Insufficiency

Venous insufficiency is a condition where a vein cannot adequately drain itself. The most common venous insufficiency people have heard of is varicose veins, but there is another form called chronic venous insufficiency. Varicose veins are typically found close to the skin, whereas chronic venous insufficiencies are found deep within the leg. When a vein suffers from insufficiency, it gets reflux when it tries to pump blood. Over time, this reflux may result in blood pooling within the vein as well as a variety of irritating and painful symptoms. Blood will still circulate through these weakened veins, but it will not circulate as well as it would in a healthy vein.