You may be aware that adults can suffer from varicose vein problems, venous disease and blood clotting disorders, however, most people are not aware that children can suffer from blood clotting disorders as well.

How Clotting Works

When you injure yourself, the platelets in your blood form a small, solid mass that helps to seal the wound and stop the flow of blood. The clot begins as a series of chemical changes in the blood that are supposed to work to help the body repair damaged blood vessels. The platelets use proteins called clotting factors to hold the platelet “plug” in place. Unfortunately, clotting does not always occur when it needs to. It sometimes occurs when no wound has been caused. Our Atlanta vein specialists note that clots that form without need are dangerous because they can block blood flow to vital areas.

Children and Clotting Disorders

Individuals with excessive clotting of the blood have one of a series of conditions known as thrombophilia. Typically speaking, these disorders are usually diagnosed in adolescence and young adulthood, but our vein specialists explain that they can be found at any age, including infancy. These disorders are often genetic and present at birth, but they may not be noticeable that early on.

Types of Clotting Disorders

According to our Atlanta vein removal specialists, there are several common blood clotting disorders, including:

  • Factor V Leiden: This is a genetic disorder that increases the risk for deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and complications with pregnancy, including miscarriage. Most individuals with this disorder never have an abnormal blood clot.
  • Prothrombin thrombophilia: This is the second most common clotting disorder, and it also increases the risk for DVT and pregnancy complications, including miscarriage and slowed fetal development.
  • Protein C deficiency: This condition varies in severity from mild to severe. Most people have mild cases and will have no symptoms or simply an increased risk for deep vein thrombosis during surgery recovery or periods of immobility. Babies born with severe protein C deficiency can develop tiny blood clots that prevent blood flow and may cause fatal tissue death.
  • Protein S deficiency: This condition is almost identical to protein C deficiency except that it affects a different protein.
  • Antithrombin deficiency: This is a genetic disorder that significantly increases the chance of developing abnormal blood clots. Roughly half of the individuals with this disorder will develop at least one clot, though usually after adolescence. The clots can cause deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism or even strokes.